Jobs for new entrants to the workforce

Entry level jobsLooking for your first full-time job?

If you're aged 16 or over and looking for your first job, you're likely to start work in an apprenticeship or entry level job with training.

When your employer gets to know you and sees what you can do, you may get the chance to do higher level training in other, sometimes very different jobs and careers in your company.

Jobs for people starting work for the first time ...

Many jobs in

Business and admin
Catering and hospitality
Computing and IT
Customer service and retail sales
Some engineering

Some jobs in

Accounts and finance
Manufacturing and engineering
Hair and beauty
Health and social care
Motor vehicle

A few jobs in

Animal care
Chemical and pharmaceutical
Creative and digital
Education and training
Sports ans leisure
Media and publishing
Transport and logistics
Travel and tourism


Page updated March 2017

The UK job market

ALL job sectors will be recruiting ...

... because many people will be retiring and some will change jobs

UK Maptext

Job growth includes:

  • Business services will drive growth, adding over 1.3m jobs
  • Retail, accommodation and catering are expected to grow moderately, adding 640,000 jobs
  • Construction will grow driven by demand for housing and infrastructure projects, adding 300,000 jobs
  • Health and social care will continue to grow due to the ageing population
  • Business, science, engineering and technology, and teaching will need more people with high levels qualifications
  • Carers and elementary administration and service occupations, such as clerical, cleaners, security guards, kitchen assistants) will have a high demand

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 Find out what the key UK trends are in 19 different job sectors - click on the individual sector images to see information on job growth or loss, pay and more from Emsi economic modelling


Job losses include:

  • Public sector and manufacturing will both have smaller shares of jobs – but both will have vacancies because of replacement demand from people retiring etc
  • Skilled and semi-skilled manual jobs
  • Traditional clerical jobs
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Top 10 occupations expected to recruit the most people by 2024:

  • Managers and directors, such as chief executives, production managers - 1.89m
  • Caring and personal services, such as care workers, nursing auxiliaries - 1.47m
  • Elementary administration and service jobs, such as security guards, cleaners, shelf fillers, bar staff - 1.37m
  • Business and public service associate professionals, such as accounting technicians, insurance underwriters - 1.3m
  • Business, media and public service professionals, such as lawyers, accountants, surveyors - 1.04m
  • Administrative jobs, such as finance officers, pensions and insurance clerks, sales administrators - 1.04m
  • Teaching and education professionals - 920,000
  • Health professionals, such as doctors, nurses, radiographers, pharmacists - 795,000
  • Science, research, engineering and technology professionals, such as engineers, chemists, IT professionals - 747,000
  • Sales - 639,000

All jobs sectors will be recruiting due to people retiring or changing jobs. The number of jobs in the UK is expected to grow each year by around 0.5%. Start by searching for local vacancies 

The number of jobs in occupations that need a high level qualification, such as a degree or technician level qualification, is expected to continue growing but more slowly than between 2004 and 2014.

Page updated April 2016

 Sources: UKCES: Working Futures 2014 to 2024; April 2016


Soft skills are important to ALL employers

... across all businesses

Job-related skills are important too

  • Job-related skills are learnt on the job and during training. They include practical skills, technical skills and other specialist skills. What you learn will depend on the job you do.

The most important skills we want from young people applying for our apprenticeships are interpersonal skills - natural communicators, keen to give a good service. British Gas.

  • Soft skills, sometimes called employability skills, transferrable skills or interpersonal skills, are very important and include:



Speaking and writing clearly
Write your emails, letters, CV in full. Try not to use 'text speak'

Customer service

Being helpful and pleasant
To your customers, clients and the people you work with

Team working

Working together
Helping the people you work with, thinking about what you can do to make other people's jobs better, so your company can be successful

Problem solving

Sorting out daily problems
Acting quickly and for the
benefit of customers and everyone in the company

Information Technology

Basic computing
Being able to use a PC, email, and other software, such as Word and basic Excel 

Literacy and numeracy

Good basic English and maths
Sometimes called basic skills or functional skills. Being able to read, write and work with numbers


Page updated October 2016

Expected to get or already have good qualifications?

You need a high level of soft skills to match

Employers expect you to offer more

If you've got a degree or A levels or equivalent, you will be expected to offer some of the skills below:

  • High level soft skillsSelf-management - overcoming challenges, asking for help; wearing suitable clothes; knowing how to behave

  • Understanding the business - how your job fits within the business; recognising customer and service user needs; judging risks; contributing ideas

  • Building relationships

  • Working together and communicating - co-operating; being assertive; persuading; taking responsibility for others; speaking clearly and listening to replies

  • Showing determination and resilience - working hard in difficult circumstances

  • Thinking and solving problems - being creative; learning/reflecting on your actions; proiritising work; analysing situations; finding solutions

  • Taking risks - if things go wrong, learning from them and sharing them with others

  • Using drive and initiative - making a difference somewhere

  • Demonstrating interest - wherever you work

  • Working to deadlines - working within time constraints; budgets and with limited resources

  • Dealing with setbacks - overcoming problems with a positive 'can do' attitude

You can start to develop these skills by for example,
doing work experience,
getting a part-time or temporary jobs, doing voluntary work
or getting involved in clubs and societies

 The top 10 skills businesses may need in 2020 is expected to change due to, for example artificial intelligence, 3-D printing, genetics and biotechnology.

  Top 10 skills needed for business in 2020 are: Top 10 skills needed for business in 2015 were:
1. Complex problem solving Complex problem solving
2.  Critical thinking Coordinating with others
3.  Creativity People management
4.  People management Critical thinking
5.  Coordinating with others Negotiation
6.  Emotional intelligence Quality control
7.  Judgement and decision making Service orientation
8.  Service orientation Judgement and decision making
9.  Negotiation Active listening
10.  Cognitive flexibility Creativity
Source: The Future of Jobs, published by the World Economic Forum

Page updated March 2017

How do employers fill their vacancies?

The answer is ...

... in lots of different ways

 Trends chart 2017

45% of jobs are never advertised

Source: UKCES Employers' Perspective Survey 2016, published June 2017

82% of employers use more than one way to advertise their vacancies - 91% use word of mouth, social media and their own website, and 69% use local press, careers services and Government services, such as the Jobcentre. Check notice boards and shop windows too. 

This means you need to use lots of ways to find a job

Ask family and friends if they know of any jobs going, get them to spread the word that you are looking for work, and don't forget to visit local employers and leave your CVAND search for jobs online - set up alerts to your inbox.

Page updated October 2017

Our careers advisers are based at:

Head Office
C & K Careers Ltd
78 John William Street

T: 01484 225500
F: 08724 464511
Text: Info, followed by your message to 07786 202804