Money for learning 16+

Full-time courses at Level 3 and below are usually free for 16 to 19 year olds. You will have to pay for your travel, books and on some courses, specialist equipment.

Students aged 19+ may have to pay some or all of the costs depending on the course level, the level of qualification they have and their circumstances. Advanced Learner Loans are available to students aged 19 or over, studying an approved course at Level 3 up to and including Level 6. For some courses over 18s may also be able to look at getting a Professional and Career Development Loan

Apprentices get at least the National Minimum Wage for apprentices and many get more.

Trainees may get help with travel and meals and may be able to apply for other learning support.

Up to your 20th birthday, your parents or carers will get Child Benefit and may get support through Universal Credit for you.

Other help includes...

      • 16-19 bursaries
      • Discretionary Learner Support – schools, colleges and training providers may help with some costs if you're struggling, so ask them

For higher education student support, see the information on the Year 13 thining of HE page.

You can also contact your local council:

In Calderdale T: 01422 399367

or visit financial assistance for post 16 education

In Kirklees T: 01484 22100

for information about Kirklees Passports, which offer help to eligible students studying on a full or part-time post-16 education course


          • Login and search careersinfo logo for our leaflet on:
          • 'Money for learning' and our guides to options after Y11, which have more information

Get Organised 2018
Get organised 2018: a guide to your post-16 options

Get Ahead 2018
Get Ahead - career and learning options at Entry level and Level 1 

Need to contact us?

Your C&K Careers school or college careers adviser can help and advise you – get in touch with the careers team in school/college.


Get in touch with your nearest centre:

Page updated January 2018

Finding a part-time job

part time jobA part-time job can help you...

...learn about work, develop new skills and improve your chances of getting a job, apprenticeship or place on a course. Depending on the job, you can usually start working part-time when you're 13.

A recent survey of employers found that they were more interested in work experience than in qualifications when looking at job applicants.
Anne Jones, Huddersfield.

Jobs might be advertised:

    • in our Recruitline Vacancies Logo 220wand in schools and colleges.
  • in local newspapers and on their websites.
  • on notice boards and in shop windows.

BUT most part-time jobs are not advertised, they are filled by word of mouth, so ...

... ask your careers adviser and your friends and family for suggestions of places to apply, use any contacts they have.

Take your CV round employers in your area - make sure you look reasonably smart.

Examples of part-time work for young people include ...

... shops, restaurants, cafes, hotels, hairdressers, newsagents, baby-sitting, dog walking, stables and gardening.

Some firms also employ seasonal staff, particularly around Christmas eg shops, hotels and restaurants and the Post Office, sometimes these turn into permanent jobs.

Go after work that uses your skills and talents. If you love animals you might try dog walking, if you like outdoor practical work perhaps gardening would suit you, if you’re outgoing and good with people you might try shop work.

Balance the hours you work with your school and college studies. Think carefully about how many hours you work and be realistic - you can always do extra hours when it suits you if they are offered.

Think about...

              • how much study you have to do
              • time off to relax and enjoy yourself

Don't copy your friends, think about what you can manage. Working one day at the weekend or one evening during the week is often enough. Check the byelaws to see how long you can work and what you can do – the rules change with your age.

Remember you need time to do your home work and revise – one day at weekends, as well as most days after school/college. Think about how much study time you need in the holidays too.

The hours you can work under 18 are covered in the Working Time Regulations.

There are also local byelaws about when and where under 18s can work in Calderdale and Kirklees, search for 'part-time job' in careersinfo logo 

Also check out...

Need to contact us?

Your C&K Careers school or college career adviser can help and advise you – get in touch with the careers team in school/college.


Get in touch with your nearest centre:

Page updated January 2018

What is Raising the Participation Age?

Girl thinkingRaising the Participation Age (RPA)

It is about you getting the skills and knowledge employers want for the jobs of the future.

RPA means you must stay in some form of education or training until you're 18, something most 16 to 18 year olds already do.

You can choose from:

  • stay in full-time learning either in a school sixth form, sixth form college, further education college or with a training provider.
  • an apprenticeship, traineeship, supported internship or training
  • full-time work or volunteering for 20 hours or more AND part-time accredited study.

Check school, college and training provider websites for post 16 education and training options If you are interested in studying in Kirklees, see also UCAS Progress

Why stay in learning or training?

  • you'll have more jobs to choose from if you get the best qualifications you can
  • more jobs need people with higher level qualifications and skills
  • many lower skilled jobs want you to have some basic skills

RPA means:

  • you can’t take a job that doesn’t offer training
  • you can start an apprenticeship or training or job with training after the last Friday in June of Year 11, even if you are 15 – as long as you are 16 by 31 August of this same year
  • you can't start full-time work with training before the last Friday in June even if you are 16
  • if you have an offer of a place on a course with a September start date, that counts, so you won't be expected to do some other learning before you start.

Warning! Anyone starting work before the last Friday in June is working illegally and is therefore not covered by insurance - if you have an accident at work, you will find it difficult to get compensation.

Page updated October 2017

School subjects and career ideas

Pupil in a science labLove history, great at maths or is art and design your favourite subject? Check out careers linked to school and college subjects - log into Careers Info and enter 'career ideas' in the search to find 26 subject leaflets from animal care or engineering to media studies or sciences and more.

Find out as much as you can and think about...

  • whether or not you need the subject
  • having a good spread of subjects to keep your options open
  • your ability to cope with the study, you need at least a grade 4 or C at GCSE to study some subjects after Year 11. You will probably work harder and do better if you like a subject.

Core subjects

Most students will have to study the core subjects of English, maths and science. Subjects like physical education, citizenship and sex and relationship education are also usually taken by all students but you don't have to take an exam in them. You will also get the chance to choose optional subjects that lead to a qualification.

English and maths - good grades (grade C or grade 4) in English are important to all employers. You can study both English and English literature. Maths is important for many jobs, from giving change in a shop or working out how much paint is needed to decorate a room.

Functional Skills - are part of maths, English and ICT GCSEs and show that you can use these subjects in practical situations.

Science - most science A levels need you to have studied them at GCSE and obtain grade 5 or 6 or above (or grade B or above). A levels biology, physics or chemistry, usually need you to have at least two science GCSEs. Science degrees and careers are strict about the level and subjects you have to study. If you have to take Applied Science A level because you haven't done single science GCSEs, you may have to do a foundation year or year zero before your degree. Science is needed for careers in primary teaching, healthcare professions, engineering, construction, food and drink manufacturing and laboratory research.

Apprenticeships and training

What are apprenticeships?

Apprenticeships are for everyone

Find out more about the type of and routes into apprenticeships from this video produced by Careers Yorkshire and Humber.

There are more videos and other information about apprenticeships on the website

An apprenticeship is a job with training. It usually involves on and off-the-job training leading to qualifications at level 2 or 3 and beyond. You may prefer this type of practical learning to full-time study.

  • Intermediate - level 2 apprenticeships for people aged 16 and above. Some but not all employers will askfor GCSEs at grade 4/5 or C or above

  • Advanced - level 3 apprenticeships are also for over 16s. They need four or five GCSEs at grade 4/5 or C or above, usually including English and maths, or an intermediate apprenticeship.

Usually you'll work for a company four days a week and do one day a week at a local college or a training provider working towards qualifications, such as NVQs or BTECs. Some apprentices do other patterns of training, such as block release - one or two weeks at a time away from work. Apprenticeships are available in a range of careers and industries from catering and hospitality to, engineering and advanced manufacturing, and health and social care.

Search to find apprenticeships locally and nationally, including more info:

            • Check out the latest local Recruitline Vacancies Logo 220w - jobs, apprenticeships and traineeships in Calderdale and Kirklees

            • Find out more about apprenticeships to Get in and Go Far and search for apprenticeships across England on the National Apprenticeship Service website or check out other job sites

            • Get help with job search - many employers don't advertise vacancies and they often like young people to approach them

            • Find  local and national info on Apprenticeships or training by logging into careersinfo logo - forgotten the password.? Ask your careers adviser or teacher

            • Starting work? Check out our guide to your rights and responsibilities at work

            • The better trained you are, the more you'll earn, that's why Raising the Participation Age means you must now stay in training or learning until you are 18.

Apprentices are paid at least the National Minimum Wage for apprentices of £3.70 but many employers pay more (from April 2018).

If you are doing a paid apprenticeship you are classed as being in employment so child benefit and child tax credits will stop or Universal Credit may be reduced once you've started your apprenticeship


apprenticeships and training option after Year 11

Check out our video on apprenticeships and training after Year 11 or read about all your options (49kb PDF).

Not ready for an apprenticeship?

Traineeships and other local training at Level 1 and 2 give you extra help to develop your skills, get some work experience and improve your English, number and IT skills.


Paige and Adam

Find out what it's like to do an apprenticeship from apprentice, Paige and recently qualified, Adam. They both work in the textile sector, one in an office, the other in the manufacture of cloth. They were interviewed by Lorna, another recently qualified apprentice. Listen to Paige and Adam explaining to Lorna what is involved or read it (310kb PDF). See their full interviews on our YouTube Channel

Why is training important?

                  Employers need people with the right skills and employees need to learn new and develop existing skills to make the right start in a good career. That's why training is important.

Mary 1419163929054

Case study

Mary chose to do an apprenticeship after talking to Kirklees College. The chance to learn something in real life, especially how to deal with things going wrong, rather than sitting in a class room was what swung it for her.

Read more about Mary and other apprentices

Need to contact us?

Your C&K Careers school or college careers adviser can help and advise you – get in touch with the careers team in school/college.


Get in touch with your nearest centre:

Page updated January 2018

Our careers advisers are based at:

Head Office
C & K Careers Ltd
78 John William Street

T: 01484 225500
F: 08724 464511