Your rights and responsibilities at work

Girl using a drillThere are laws to make sure you are being treated fairly at work

They cover all areas of employment including your safety, pay, hours of work and more. With rights come responsibilities, for example at work you are responsible for your own and other people's safety and helping them feel welcome.

  • Bullying at work – if you think your employer or someone you work with is treating you unfairly, you may be being bullied.

  • Equality – you have the right to be treated fairly and can't be discriminated against because of your age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex or sexual orientation.
    NB All employers must, by law, make 'reasonable adjustments' when recruiting someone with a disability, so that they can work. This will vary depending on the size of the employer – they will be expected to make changes that are sensible for the size of the company.

  • National Minimum Wage – the law on minimum wage covers all employees. There is a rate for most workers, including apprentices.

  • Health and safety at work – employers are responsible for their workforce and visitors' safety. Employees are also responsible for the safety of themselves and other people.

  • Contract of employment – you should get one within eight weeks of starting. Remember in law a contract is made with your employer when you accept a job offer.

  • Payslips – most employees have a right to a payslip from their employer when they get paid. It shows your earnings and anything taken off, such as tax.

  • National Insurance and income tax – NI is used to help pay for some benefits and state pensions. Income Tax is used for all our needs, like schools, roads and hospitals.

As well as working rights, young people have a range of rights and as you get older you become old enough to do all kinds of things like work part-time at 14, join the Armed Forces at 16. Learn to drive at 17 and as an adult at 18 you have the same rights as your parents and carers.


  • Login and search careersinfo logo for our leaflet on 'Your rights' and our guides to options after Year 11, which have more information:

Get Organised 2018
Get organised 2018: a guide to your post-16 options

Get Ahead 2018Get Ahead - career and learning options at Entry level and Level 1

Tell us what you think

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Job trends

Boy interviewKnowing where the jobs are and ...

... using job information when planning your career helps you make successful career choices

Job trends information helps career planning, supports decisions about future study and training options and provides helpful information when changing your job. In this section you'll be able to identify where the jobs are now and where they could be in the future, and set out your future goals - this is labour market information, including videos, produced by Leeds City Region.

This National Careers Service video explains more about  labour market information and how it can help you make decisions. 

Find out about:

Many employers are looking for people with robust problem solving skills, innovative thinkers, and good communication skills.
Fiona Thurlbeck talking about the Leeds City Region.

Careerometer lets you search and compare jobs - just 'clear the card' to keep searching and selecting

Where the work is - lets you explore the range of 'mid-skilled' jobs - jobs for new entrants at Level 2, 3 and 4, including the likely number of job openings, competition for openings and average salary for experienced staff, nationally and across regions. It offers a guide only and should be used along side other information or as part of a discussion.

Explore the gender pay gap - the difference between average hourly earnings of men and women. The calculations don't include overtime pay and are worked out as a proportion of average hourly rate of men’s pay.

Page updated January 2018

Job search help

Person using a computer to search for a jobHelp finding a job

As well as our Recruitline Vacancies Logo 220w, you can find vacancies advertised in newspapers, on job search and company websites and Jobcentre Plus. Many jobs are never advertised, so you should ask your family, friends and local employers about vacancies, and where possible leave some information about yourself, such as your CV.

Below are examples of and information on letters of application and CVs. There is also information on job hunting in careersinfo logo, including help with CVs, application forms and going for an interview, ask your careers adviser or teacher for the code to login. You can also use social media to find jobs but before you do, watch this National Careers Service video to make sure you avoid the pitfalls.



Job search tips, as told to recently qualified apprentice Lorna, by apprentice Paige. Listen to Paige talking to Lorna or read it (260kb PDF). See the full interview on our YouTube Channel

Need a CV?

A CV is a statement about you and what you can do. Use it to tell an employer why they should think about interviewing you, including your:
  • Skills
  • Work experience
  • Personal characteristics
  • Academic and other achievements
Need to check out health concerns? Contact your nearest Health & Safety Executive for advice about employment and medical conditions.

Don’t underestimate yourself but be sure you can prove what you say. Think about what is most important to the type of employer you want to work for AND think about the order you say things in. It should be no more than two sides of A4 and clearly set out, using headings, spaces and bullet points.

We look for people who like to solve problems ... and talk to each other to improve processes. Manager, Cummins Huddersfield.

Choose the right template for you:

Tip: if you're adding a CV to a jobsite or employer website you're not sure about don't include personal information like your NI number or address, or the name and address of your referee(s)

I have little or no work experience 

I have done lots of different jobs

I've got experience but want to apply for a job I have never done before

I want to continue in the type of  job I've done before

National Careers Service logo

Try some of these other sources of help


Need help writing a covering letter or spec letter to send with your CV or application form?

Example letters

Work clubs

Find your nearest work club

Page updated end of October 2017

Privacy policy

The registered office of C & K Careers Ltd is 78 John William Street, Huddersfield, HD1 1EH

C & K Careers Ltd operates in accordance with the Data Protection Act 2018. This Privacy Policy explains how we use any personal information we hold or collect about you when you contact the company, use any of our services and when you use our websites. Our policy will be reviewed on an annual basis.

What information do we collect about you?

C & K Careers Ltd collects information about you when you are registered to receive our products or services. We also collect information when you visit our websites:, and, voluntarily complete customer surveys, provide feedback, attend any of our public events, workshops or other training courses. Your name, job title*, personal or work address*, personal or work email address*, personal or work phone number*, social media handle may be collected. We may add details of your contact or enquiry and our reply, to other internal records we hold from previous contact(s) with C & K Careers Ltd; this enables our staff to be up to date with your requirements. Enquiries normally receive a written response within three working days.
*depending on the nature of your contact with us ie personal or in your work capacity for example, in your role as a teacher or employer

We collect information about you in order to:

  • provide a careers information, advice and guidance (CIAG) service to young people and adults on behalf of schools, colleges, Local Authorities, prime and area-based contractors and employers

  • provide services to schools, colleges, Local Authorities, prime and area-based contractors and employers, including to the professionals working for them, such as teachers, SENCOs (special educational needs co-ordinators), careers advisers, social workers and training staff

  • keep you up to date with services and events we offer that might be of interest to you

  • provide you with information about industry relevant news and updates

  • help you be successful in accessing opportunities with colleges, sixth forms; training providers and employers

  • provide related learning and employment support and training

  • provide support to employers and training providers, such as recruitment and work experience

  • consider any applications submitted for job vacancies with the company

  • administer software licences and other products on behalf of other organisations.

We provide schools, colleges and businesses with information on, and insight into, education and employment and produce a range of products, booklets and other printed material to help deliver this. C & K Careers Ltd will not use your personal information in any photographic image, on video, our website, or any social media sites without your consent.

How will we collect information about you?

We collect additional information about you in CIAG interviews, group work sessions training, development and coaching sessions, as well as other face to face, email, text and telephone contacts.


We use your information collected from our website(s) to personalise your repeat visits. Website usage information is collected using cookies. Cookies are small pieces of information that are stored by your browser on your computer or mobile device from websites that you visit. Cookies may include a unique identifier. They are widely used in order to make websites work more efficiently, as well as to track user visits to a website. Some parts of our websites may use cookies to contact us or find information you need.

Holding your personal information

We will collect additional information about you only for specific and lawful purposes and relevant and limited to what is necessary to deliver our products and services.

In some circumstances, C & K Careers Ltd does not need your consent to process your information such as:

  • when it is necessary to protect your rights, or the rights of another person, if you or they are legally incapable of giving consent

  • to prevent fraud

  • carrying out a legal obligation or public interest task where for example,  it is necessary to carry out the functions granted via the Education and Skills Act 2008

The Secretary of State for Education gives explicit consent to C & K Careers Ltd to process personal data and information about adults aged 18+ who receive a service via the functions delivered as part of the National Careers Service.

The Education and Skills Act 2018 gives C & K Careers Ltd explicit consent (i.e. we do not need to ask your permission) to process personal data and information related to young people. Specifically this information consists of names, addresses, dates of birth of pupils (Year 8 and above) and other data required to help identify those at risk of becoming not in education, employment or training (NEET) post 16, post 16 plans of young people and offers they receive along with current circumstances and activities.

If you are aged 13 or over, we need to obtain your permission (your consent) to process your photographic image before each photographic/video session. You will need to sign our consent form before the photo shoot. C & K Careers Ltd will only name a young person where they have given consent.  If you are aged 13 or under we need consent from your parent or carer.

We produce a range of published materials and online information. From time to time we take photographic images (moving and still) of people (data subjects) and use case studies that may include these images and personal information (such as full name) to enhance and illustrate our media applications and make them motivational and inspiring to our audiences. From time to time we might issue a press release photograph featuring the young person.

We may pass on your personal information to third parties that we work with, such as schools, colleges, universities, local authorities and other public service providers so that, in their role of providing a public service, they can secure appropriate products and services for you. We have made every effort to ensure our partner organisations have a suitable data protection/privacy policy in place, including using the data only for its intended purpose and keeping that data only for as long as is needed to meet that purpose. We will only keep your data for as long as is necessary to meet statutory, accounting or data protection requirements or where you have given us permission to do so.

C & K Careers Ltd will not share your information for marketing purposes without your consent. 

Your personal data will not be transferred to other countries.

Your rights: access to your information and correction

We want to make sure that your personal information is accurate, up to date and kept only for as long as is necessary. Your personal information will be deleted when it is no longer needed or is out of date. You have the right to ask us whether we are processing your personal information and request a copy of the information that we hold about you.

In some circumstances you have the right to:

  • have inaccurate personal information corrected

  • request that C & K Careers Ltd delete your personal information. Please note that, as we perform statutory public services, under the Education and Skills Act 2008, it may not be possible for us to delete some or all of your personal information. Where this is the case, we will inform you why. If you dispute this, you have the right to ask the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) to make a determination.

If you would like a copy of some, or all, of your personal information, you need to complete a subject access form OR you can email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. OR you can write to us at our registered address: 78 John William Street, Huddersfield HD1 1EH and a subject access form will be sent to you.

Security of personal information

We anonymise some personal information such as through the use of redacting (editing text for publication), encryption and other measures to ensure the information cannot be linked to an individual. We have put technical security safeguards in place to limit access to data as well as training staff on how to protect personal information. 

C & K Careers Ltd takes all reasonable steps to protect your personal information from misuse, interference and loss, as well as unauthorized access, modification or disclosure. The ways we do this include:C & K Careers Ltd takes all reasonable steps to protect your personal information from misuse, interference and loss, as well as unauthorized access, modification or disclosure.

The ways we do this include:

  • using encryption when collecting or transferring sensitive information, including financial details

  • limiting physical access to our premises

  • limiting access to the information we collect about you

  • ensuring that we and our partners have appropriate security safeguards to keep personal information secure

  • and where required by law, destroying or de-identifying personal information.

The person who has overall responsibility for data protection is Sarah Thorn, Head of Corporate Performance.

Questions about our privacy policy

If you have any questions or concerns please contact:

C & K Careers Ltd (Registered Office)
78 John William Street
T: 01484 225500 and press '0' to speak to someone who can help
E: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., please include a phone number, so we can contact you

Company number: 3039360

Printable version of our Privacy Policy (215kb PDF)

Page updated May 2018

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Our careers advisers are based at:

Head Office
C & K Careers Ltd
78 John William Street

T: 01484 225500
F: 08724 464511